Angularity number test gives us an idea of how angular the aggregate is. This is based on the percentage of voids in the aggregate after compacting in a specified manner.

Angularity is the absence of roundness in aggregates. A more rounded aggregate particle has less angularity and vice versa.

Angularity number of aggregate is the amount (a whole number) by which the percentage of volume of voids in it after compaction in a prescribed method exceeds 33. Where “33” is the percentage of volume of voids in a perfectly rounded aggregate.

Angularity number test is conducted on coarse aggregates sample to estimate the shape of aggregates. This test helps us to determine the angularity number of the coarse aggregate. Higher angularity number aggregates are better in interlocking. The angularity number of coarse aggregate along with flaky index and elongation index helps us to prepare bituminous mixes that would give satisfactory performance.

Angularity Number Test for Coarse Aggregate, Shape Test for Aggregate, IS: 2386 (Part 1)–1963

Angularity Number Test for Coarse Aggregate, Shape Test for Aggregate, IS: 2386 (Part 1)–1963

Hi friends, you are welcomed in the world of Civil Allied Gyan. Here, I have explained about angularity number test for coarse aggregate.

By the help of this you can easily find the angularity number of coarse aggregate. So please continue to the end & keep your love and support on me.

  • Metal cylinder
  • Tamping rod
  • Balance
  • Gauging trowel
  • Sieves (20, 16, 12.5, 10, 6.3 and 4.75mm)
  • Metal scoop

  • IS: 2386 (Part 1)–1963, Method of test of aggregates for formation of concrete
  • IS: 383–1970, Specification for coarse and fine aggregate from natural source for formation of concrete

Description of Angularity Number Test for Coarse Aggregate:-
First the metal mould calibrated by filling it with water and determining the weight of water in it. Then the mould is filled with clean dried aggregates samples in three layers. The weight of aggregate specimens in the mould is recorded. Determine the specific gravity of the aggregate. Finally the angularity number of aggregate is calculated.

Preparation of Test Sample:-
The test samples consist of aggregates passes through and retained on between the appropriate pairs of IS sieves from the following sets given in Table 1.

Table 1:
Passing Through IS Sieves
Retained On IS Sieves
20 mm
16 mm
16 mm
12.5 mm
12.5 mm
10 mm
10 mm
6.3 mm
6.3 mm
4.75 mm

The aggregate sample to be tested should be dried for at least 24 hours in a well ventilated oven maintained at a temperature of 100
ºC to 110 ºC. 

Procedure of Angularity Number Test for Coarse Aggregate:-

  1. Sieve the aggregate sample with sieves specified in Table 1.
  2. Fill the metal cylinder with water and record its volume.
  3. Take sufficient quantity of aggregate to perform the test.
  4. Compact the aggregate in three layers, each layer being given 100 blows (strokes) using the standard tamping rod at a rate of 2 blows/second by lifting the rod 5 cm over the surface of the aggregate and then allowing it to fall freely.
  5. The blows (strokes) should be uniformly distributed over the surface of the aggregate.
  6. After compacting the third layer, fill the cylinder to overflowing and remove off the excess material with temping rod as a straight edge.
  7. Then weigh the aggregate (water and aggregate) with cylinder.
  8. Make three separate determinations and calculate the average weight of the aggregates in the cylinder.

Angularity Number Test for Coarse Aggregate, Shape Test for Aggregate

Observation and Calculation:-
Table 2: Percentage of voids in aggregate samples
Trail No. 1
Trail No. 2
Volume of metal measures, V (ml)

Volume of water required to fill the metal measures containing aggregate, V (ml)

Percentage of voids,  (V/V) 100%

Formula for percentage of voids:

Angularity Number Test for Coarse Aggregate, Shape Test for Aggregate

Formula for angularity number of aggregate:

Angularity number of aggregate = V-33 = ................

Angularity Number Test for Coarse Aggregate, Shape Test for Aggregate


W = Average weight of the aggregate filling cylinder,

C = Weight of water required to completely fill the cylinder and
Gs = Specific Gravity of the aggregate.

Angularity number of aggregate =……………

The average value of three determinations, expressed to the nearest whole number, is reported.

Safety and Precautions to the Test:-
  1. Use safety shoes, mask and aprons at the time of test.
  2. Thoroughly clean and dry the container before testing.
  3. All parts of the equipment, used in the test, should always be kept clean.
  4. Specially care that no outer air should be entered when using the weighing balance.
  5. After the test has done, sieve should be clean by a soft brush.

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